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Health Equity PHGKB

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Last Posted: Sep 29, 2023
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Risk factor for Parkinson's discovered in genes from people of African descent
J Hamilton, NPR, September 24, 2023 (Posted Sep 29, 2023 11AM)

From the website: "A global effort to make genetic studies more diverse has led to a discovery about Parkinson's disease, a common brain disorder that can impair a person's ability to move and speak. A team that included scientists from Lagos, London and the U.S. found a previously unknown gene variant that can nearly quadruple the risk of Parkinson's for people of African ancestry. "

Biomarker-Directed Therapy in Black and White Men With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer.
Clara Hwang et al. JAMA Netw Open 2023 9 (9) e2334208 (Posted Sep 21, 2023 2PM)

From the abstract: "Do disparities exist in the application of precision medicine for Black and White men with metastatic prostate cancer? In this cohort study of 962 men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, mismatch repair deficiency or microsatellite instability-high was significantly more frequent in Black men than White men. However, Black men were significantly less likely to receive molecularly matched targeted therapy than White men. These findings suggest that although precision medicine in metastatic prostate cancer has become more common, opportunities remain to improve access to precision medicine to benefit Black men with prostate cancer. "

Unequal global implementation of genomic newborn screening.
Ahmad N Abou Tayoun et al. Nat Rev Genet 2023 9 (Posted Sep 20, 2023 7AM)

From the abstract: "Studies of genomic newborn screening are highly skewed towards populations in high-income countries. The evidence generated by these studies will be similarly biased and is likely to lead to disparate global implementation. Studies inclusive of historically under-represented populations are needed for equitable global access to genomic newborn screening. "

Future Forecasting for Research and Practice in Genetic Literacy
KA Kapingst, Public Health Genomics, September 13, 2023 (Posted Sep 14, 2023 9AM)

From the abstract: "Available evidence highlights important gaps in genetic literacy throughout the population, limiting the potential use of these technologies to improve the health of individuals, their families, and their communities. Effective communication approaches are needed to meet the needs of individuals with varying levels of genetic literacy and from different communities. To achieve this goal, this piece highlights essential areas of research and practice in genetic literacy that are needed to inform public health translation of genomic discoveries. "

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Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.