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Health Equity PHGKB

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Last Posted: Sep 17, 2021
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Measuring the Value of a Practical Text Mining Approach to Identify Patients With Housing Issues in the Free-Text Notes in Electronic Health Record: Findings of a Retrospective Cohort Study.
Hatef Elham et al. Frontiers in public health 2021 9697501

Despite the growing efforts to standardize coding for social determinants of health (SDOH), they are infrequently captured in electronic health records (EHRs). Most SDOH variables are still captured in the unstructured fields (i.e., free-text) of EHRs. In this study we attempt to evaluate a practical text mining approach (i.e., advanced pattern matching techniques) in identifying phrases referring to housing issues, an important SDOH domain affecting value-based healthcare providers.

Identification of social determinants of health using multi-label classification of electronic health record clinical notes.
Stemerman Rachel et al. JAMIA open 2021 4(3) ooaa069

Social determinants of health (SDH), key contributors to health, are rarely systematically measured and collected in the electronic health record (EHR). We investigate how to leverage clinical notes using novel applications of multi-label learning (MLL) to classify SDH in mental health and substance use disorder patients who frequent the emergency department.

Digital exposure tools: Design for privacy, efficacy, and equity
S Landau, Science, September 10, 2021

Use of smartphone-based digital contact- tracing apps has shown promise in responding to the COVID-19 pandemic. But such apps can reveal very personal information; thus, their use raises important societal questions, not just during the current pandemic but as we learn and prepare for other inevitable outbreaks ahead. Can privacy-protective versions of such apps work? Are they efficacious? Because the apps influence who is notified of exposure and who gets tested—and possibly treated—we need to consider the apps in the context of health care equity.

Improving Access to Genetic Services for Underserved Populations
Megan Lyon, National Coordinating Center for Reginal Genetics Networks, slide presentation, CDC Webinar, August 20201

The Maternal and Child Health Bureau of the Health Resources and Services Administration (MCHB/HRSA) has established seven Regional Genetics Networks (RGNs), a National Coordinating Center (NCC), and the National Genetics Education and Family Support Center (NGEFSC) as part of on-going efforts to improve the health of medically underserved populations by promoting the translation of genetic medicine into public health and health care services.


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Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.

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