Long-term cost-effectiveness of a melanoma prevention program using genomic risk information compared with standard prevention advice in Australia
CK Law et al, Genetics in Medicine, August 30, 2023
From the abstract: "Evidence indicates a melanoma prevention program using personalized genomic risk provision and genetic counselling, can impact prevention behaviors, including reducing sunburns in adults with no melanoma history. This analysis evaluated its longer-term cost-effectiveness from an Australian health system perspective. We found that genomic risk provision targeted to high-traditional melanoma risk individuals is likely a cost-effective strategy for reducing sunburns and will likely prevent future melanomas and keratinocyte carcinomas."
Cost effectiveness review of text messaging, smartphone application, and website interventions targeting T2DM or hypertension.
Ruben Willems et al. NPJ Digit Med 2023 8 (1) 150
Digital health interventions have been shown to be clinically-effective for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hypertension prevention and treatment. This study synthesizes and compares the cost-effectiveness of text-messaging, smartphone application, and websites. We found that digital interventions are cost-effective without substantial differences between the different delivery modes. Future health economic studies should increase transparency, conduct sufficient sensitivity analyses, and appraise the ICUR more critically in light of a reasoned willingness-to-pay threshold.
AI-based skin cancer detection: the balance between access and overutilization
KP Venkatesh et al, NPJ Digital Medicine, August 15, 2023
A recent study evaluated the healthcare implications and costs of an AI-enabled mobile health app for skin cancer detection, involving 18,960 beneficiaries of a Netherlands insurer. They report a 32% increase in claims for premalignant and malignant skin lesions among app users, largely attributed to benign skin lesions and leading to higher annual costs for app users (€64.97) compared to controls (€43.09). Cost-effectiveness analysis showed a comparable cost to dermatologist-based diagnosis alone. This editorial emphasizes the balance in AI-based dermatology between increased access and increased false positives resulting in overutilization.
The English National Lynch Syndrome Transformation Project
Brit Soc Gastro, July 14, 2023
Lynch syndrome (LS) affects approximately 1 in 400 individuals and predisposes to multiple cancers including colorectal, endometrial, gastric, small bowel, cholangiocarinoma and other tumors. Although a common condition, it is estimated that only 5% of patients with LS are known in the UK. There is consistent evidence of the cost-effectiveness and clinical benefit of a structured diagnostic pathway in patients with LS following a diagnosis of cancer linked to cascade testing in families. NICE DG27 and DG42 guidelines recommend universal testing of newly diagnosed colorectal and endometrial cancer for Lynch syndrome (LS), however there is strong evidence of variation in delivery of these guidelines by clinical services.