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Health Equity PHGKB

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Last Posted: Nov 29, 2022
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Priorities for successful use of artificial intelligence by public health organizations: a literature review.
Fisher Stacey et al. BMC public health 2022 11 (1) 2146

Six key priorities for successful use of AI technologies by public health organizations are discussed: 1) Contemporary data governance; 2) Investment in modernized data and analytic infrastructure and procedures; 3) Addressing the skills gap in the workforce; 4) Development of strategic collaborative partnerships; 5) Use of good AI practices for transparency and reproducibility, and; 6) Explicit consideration of equity and bias.

COVID-19 Scientific Publications From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, January 2020–January 2022
E Meites et al, Public Health Reports, November, 2022

During the first 2 years of the agency’s pandemic response, CDC authors contributed to 1044 unique COVID-19 scientific publications in 208 journals. Publication topics included testing (n = 853, 82%); prevention strategies (n = 658, 63%); natural history, transmission, breakthrough infections, and reinfections (n = 587, 56%); vaccines (n = 567, 54%); health equity (n = 308, 30%); variants (n = 232, 22%); and post–COVID-19 conditions (n = 44, 4%). Publications were cited 40?427 times and received 81?921 news reports and 1?058?893 social media impressions. As the pandemic evolved, CDC adapted to address new scientific questions, including vaccine effectiveness, safety, and access; viral variants, including Delta and Omicron; and health equity.

A scoping review of guidelines for the use of race, ethnicity, and ancestry reveals widespread consensus but also points of ongoing disagreement.
Mauro Madelyn et al. American journal of human genetics 2022 11

Examined recommendations fall under one of eight themes identified during analysis. Seven are characterized by broad agreement across articles; one, “appropriate definitions of population categories and contexts for use,” revealed substantial fundamental disagreement among articles. Additionally, while many articles focus on the inappropriate use of race, none fundamentally problematize ancestry.

Estimating the impact of COVID-19 vaccine allocation inequities: a modeling study
N Gozzi et al, MEDRXIV, November 18, 2022

We focus on the first critical months of vaccine distribution and administration, exploring counterfactual scenarios where we assume the same per capita daily vaccination rate reported in selected high income countries. We estimate that, in this high vaccine availability scenario, more than 50% of deaths (min-max range: 56%-99%) that occurred in the analyzed countries could have been averted. We further consider a scenario where LMIC had similarly early access to vaccine doses as high income countries; even without increasing the number of doses, we estimate an important fraction of deaths (min-max range: 7%-73%) could have been averted.


news Latest News and Publications
Vitamin D Deficiency and COVID-19: A Biological Database Study on Pathways and Gene-Disease Associations. External Web Site Icon
Alcalá-Santiago Ángela, et al. International journal of molecular sciences 2022 0 0. (22)
Advancing disease genomics beyond COVID-19 and reducing health disparities: what does the future hold for Africa? External Web Site Icon
Ibe Chibuike, et al. Briefings in functional genomics 2022 0 0.
COVID-19 Scientific Publications From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, January 2020–January 2022 External Web Site Icon
E Meites et al, Public Health Reports, November, 2022
Risk factors affecting COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness identified from 290 cross-country observational studies until February 2022: a meta-analysis and meta-regression. External Web Site Icon
Petráš Marek, et al. BMC medicine 2022 0 0. (1) 461
Comparing the demographics and laboratory biomarkers of the COVID-19 Omicron wave and the Alpha wave in a predominantly Afro-Caribbean patient population in New York City. External Web Site Icon
Shin Hye Won, et al. Pneumonia (Nathan Qld.) 2022 0 0. (1) 8
COVID-19 smart surveillance: Examination of Knowledge of Apps and mobile thermometer detectors (MTDs) in a high-risk society. External Web Site Icon
Sayibu Muhideen, et al. Digital health 2022 0 0. 20552076221132092
COVID-19 Scientific Publications From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, January 2020-January 2022. External Web Site Icon
Meites Elissa, et al. Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974) 2022 0 0. 333549221134130
The Social Vulnerability Metric (SVM) As A New Tool for Public Health. External Web Site Icon
Saulsberry Loren et al. Health services research 2022 11
Cross-sectional survey on genetic testing utilization and perceptions in Wisconsin Amish and Mennonite communities. External Web Site Icon
Williams Katie B et al. Journal of community genetics 2022 11
Delta and Omicron: protective measures and SARS-CoV-2 infections in day care centres in Germany in the 4th and 5th wave of the pandemic 2021/2022. External Web Site Icon
Neuberger Franz, et al. BMC public health 2022 0 0. (1) 2106
Safety and reactogenicity of second booster doses for mRNA vaccines External Web Site Icon
AW Smith et al, Lancet Resp Med, November 18, 2022
Automated vs. manual case investigation and contact tracing for pandemic surveillance: Evidence from a stepped wedge cluster randomized trial. External Web Site Icon
Raymond Cameron, et al. EClinicalMedicine 2022 0 0. 101726
Estimating the impact of COVID-19 vaccine allocation inequities: a modeling study External Web Site Icon
N Gozzi et al, MEDRXIV, November 18, 2022
Global disparities in SARS-CoV-2 genomic surveillance. External Web Site Icon
Brito Anderson F et al. Nature communications 2022 11 (1) 7003
Predicting COVID-19 community infection relative risk with a Dynamic Bayesian Network. External Web Site Icon
Johnson Daniel P, et al. Frontiers in public health 2022 0 0. 876691
Diagnostic accuracy of SARS-CoV-2 rapid antigen self-tests in asymptomatic individuals in the Omicron period: cross sectional study. External Web Site Icon
Venekamp Roderick P, et al. Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 2022 0 0.
SARS-CoV-2 Genomic Diversity in Households Highlights the Challenges of Sequence-Based Transmission Inference. External Web Site Icon
Bendall Emily E, et al. mSphere 2022 0 0. e0040022
Symptom Clusters Seen in Adult COVID-19 Recovery Clinic Care Seekers. External Web Site Icon
Danesh Valerie, et al. Journal of general internal medicine 2022 0 0.
Social Factors as Major Determinants of Rural Development Variation for Predicting Epidemic Vulnerability: A Lesson for the Future. External Web Site Icon
Dudzinska Malgorzata, et al. International journal of environmental research and public health 2022 0 0. (21)
Spatial modeling of vaccine deserts as barriers to controlling SARS-CoV-2 External Web Site Icon
B Rader et al, Comm Med, November 10, 2022

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Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.

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