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Hot Topics of the Day|PHGKB
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Hot Topics of the Day are picked by experts to capture the latest information and publications on public health genomics and precision health for various diseases and health topics. Sources include published scientific literature, reviews, blogs and popular press articles.

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Archived Hot Topics of the Day By Date

Actionable Genotypes and Their Association with Life Span in Iceland.
Brynjar O Jensson et al. N Engl J Med 2023 11 (19) 1741-1752

From the abstract: " In 2021, the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) recommended reporting actionable genotypes in 73 genes associated with diseases for which preventive or therapeutic measures are available. Evaluations of the association of actionable genotypes in these genes with life span are currently lacking. In this study, we found that approximately 1 in 25 Icelanders carried an actionable genotype and that carrying such a genotype was associated with a reduced life span."

Modernizing Federal Oversight of Laboratory-Developed Tests - Toward Safety, Validity, and Utility.
Udit Singhal et al. N Engl J Med 2023 11 (19) 1735-1737

From the paper: "Advances in precision medicine have fueled an evolution in the availability of laboratory-developed tests (LDTs). Defined as in vitro diagnostic tests that are “designed, manufactured, and used in a single laboratory,” LDTs were initially conceived as simple tests offered to limited, local groups of patients.1 But LDTs have grown in complexity, and some hospital and commercial laboratories now accept specimens from around the world. "

A software tool to adjust codeine dose based on CYP2D6 gene-pair polymorphisms and drug-drug interactions.
Yolande Saab et al. Pharmacogenomics J 2023 11

From the abstract: "Codeine is metabolized by the CYP2D6 enzyme, and individuals with certain genetic variations of the CYP2D6 gene may metabolize codeine differently, leading to variable efficacy and toxicity. Drug-drug interactions can also affect the metabolism of codeine. A tool to adjust codeine dose based on these factors does not currently exist. Healthcare providers should use their clinical judgment and reference different established dosing guidelines to determine the appropriate dose of codeine for individual patients. The study provides a tool that assists prescribers in adjusting codeine dose based on CYP2D6 gene-pair polymorphisms and drug-drug interactions. "

Disclaimer: Articles listed in Hot Topics of the Day are selected by Public Health Genomics Branch to provide current awareness of the scientific literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the Clips, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.