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Last Posted: Mar 25, 2024
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DNA test says it can predict opioid addiction risk. Skeptics aren’t so sure.
D Ovalle, Washington Post, March 25, 2024

From the article: " Using a swab inside the cheek and a sophisticated computer algorithm, a DNA test recently approved by federal regulators promises to assess genetic risk of opioid addiction. The test’s maker says results give doctors and patients a crucial tool when considering use of the very pain pills that ignited the nation’s opioid crisis. Some geneticists and public health experts say the test relies on unsound science."

A software tool to adjust codeine dose based on CYP2D6 gene-pair polymorphisms and drug-drug interactions.
Yolande Saab et al. Pharmacogenomics J 2023 11

From the abstract: "Codeine is metabolized by the CYP2D6 enzyme, and individuals with certain genetic variations of the CYP2D6 gene may metabolize codeine differently, leading to variable efficacy and toxicity. Drug-drug interactions can also affect the metabolism of codeine. A tool to adjust codeine dose based on these factors does not currently exist. Healthcare providers should use their clinical judgment and reference different established dosing guidelines to determine the appropriate dose of codeine for individual patients. The study provides a tool that assists prescribers in adjusting codeine dose based on CYP2D6 gene-pair polymorphisms and drug-drug interactions. "

Genome-wide association study on pharmacological outcomes of musculoskeletal pain in UK Biobank.
Song Li et al. Pharmacogenomics J 2023 8

To investigate the genetic component of treatment outcome differences, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in ~23,000 participants with musculoskeletal pain from the UK Biobank. NSAID vs. opioid users were compared as a reflection of the treatment outcome of NSAIDs. We identified one genome-wide significant hit in chromosome 4 (rs549224715, P?=?3.88?×?10-8). Suggestive significant (P?<?1?×?10-6) loci were functionally annotated to 18 target genes, including four genes linked to neuropathic pain processes or musculoskeletal development.

Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Genomics and Precision Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.