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Last Posted: Apr 28, 2023
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Smartphone videos of the sit-to-stand test predict osteoarthritis and health outcomes in a nationwide study
MA Boswell et al, NPJ Digital Medicine, March 4, 2023

Physical function decline due to aging or disease can be assessed with quantitative motion analysis, but this currently requires expensive laboratory equipment. We introduce a self-guided quantitative motion analysis of the widely used five-repetition sit-to-stand test using a smartphone. Across 35 US states, 405 participants recorded a video performing the test in their homes. We found that the quantitative movement parameters extracted from the smartphone videos were related to a diagnosis of osteoarthritis, physical and mental health, body mass index, age, and ethnicity and race.

Targeted therapy for osteoarthritis: progress and pitfalls.
Schäfer Nicole et al. Nature medicine 2022 12

Osteoarthritis is highly heterogeneous, so effective therapies will need to target clearly defined molecular endotypes, restore mechanical joint function and reduce pain; thus, a ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach is unlikely to succeed.

Novel genetic loci associated with osteoarthritis in multi-ancestry analyses in the Million Veteran Program and UK Biobank.
McDonald Merry-Lynn N et al. Nature genetics 2022 11

We used the unique resources of 484,374 participants in the Million Veteran Program and UK Biobank to address this gap. Analyses included participants of European, African, Asian and Hispanic descent. We discovered osteoarthritis-associated genetic variation at 10 loci and replicated findings from previous osteoarthritis studies. We also present evidence that some osteoarthritis-associated regions are robust to population ancestry. Drug repurposing analyses revealed enrichment of targets of several medication classes and provide insight into the etiology of beneficial effects of antiepileptics on osteoarthritis pain.

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