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Last Posted: Feb 22, 2024
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Wearable Technology in Clinical Practice for Depressive Disorder
S Fedor et al, NEJM, December 28, 2023

From the article: "Wearables enable passive monitoring (i.e., monitoring without active input) of behavioral and physiological factors. The greater frequency and objectivity of wearable measurements help overcome some of the limitations of adherence and bias when depression is monitored exclusively with self-reports. Longitudinal measurements from wearables — especially when coupled with contextual data from smartphones — have the potential to augment existing clinical decision-making processes in psychiatry. Complementing patient self-reports, these measurements increase the information available for differential diagnosis or treatment planning. "

Machine learning identifies risk factors associated with long-term sick leave following COVID-19 in Danish population
KD Jacobsen et al, Comm Med, December 20, 2023

From the abstract: "Here, in a cohort of 88,818 individuals, including 37,482 with a confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, the RD of long-term sick-leave is 3.3% (95% CI 3.1% to 3.6%). We observe a high degree of effect heterogeneity, with conditional RDs ranging from -3.4% to 13.7%. Age, high BMI, depression, and sex are the most important variables explaining heterogeneity. "

Epigenome-wide association studies of prenatal maternal mental health and infant epigenetic profiles: a systematic review.
Emily Drzymalla et al. Transl Psychiatry 2023 12 (1) 377

From the abstract: "Prenatal stress and poor maternal mental health are associated with adverse offspring outcomes; however, the biological mechanisms are unknown. Epigenetic modification has linked maternal health with offspring development. Epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) have examined offspring DNA methylation profiles for association with prenatal maternal mental health to elucidate mechanisms of these complex relationships. The objective of this study is to provide a comprehensive, systematic review of EWASs of infant epigenetic profiles and prenatal maternal anxiety, depression, or depression treatment. "

Social and physical predictors of mental health impact in adult women who have an FMR1 premutation
C Kraan et al, Genetics in Med Open, August 26, 2023

From the abstract: "Clear understanding of mental health phenotypes and associated socioeconomic, physical health and wellbeing impacts in adult women with an FMR1 premutation (PM) is needed for counselling and primary healthcare. This is a survey of 137 participants. Depression was found in ~30% and social anxiety in ~38%. With depression status the outcome variable, strongest associations were for low education, diagnosis of migraine, diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and self-reported hearing loss symptoms."

Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Genomics and Precision Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.