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Last Posted: May 23, 2024
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Pharmacogenomics, Race, and Treatment Outcome in Pediatric Acute Myeloid Leukemia

From the abstract: " Can tailoring the intensity of induction therapy mitigate racial disparities in the outcome of pediatric patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML)? Findings: In this comparative effectiveness analysis of 86 Black and 359 White patients with AML, Black patients exhibited a higher prevalence of low cytarabine pharmacogenomic 10–single-nucleotide variant (ACS10) scores, which were associated with an unfavorable outcome after initial treatment with low-dose cytarabine-based induction therapy. Augmentation of induction therapy was associated with improved outcome for patients with low ACS10 scores and with no disparity in outcome between Black patients and White patients."

Addressing Health Disparities—The Case for Variant Transthyretin Cardiac Amyloidosis Grows Stronger

From the article: "There has been a transformational change in understanding heart failure due to transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CA). Previously considered a rare condition, the widespread adaptation of nuclear imaging to establish the diagnosis has led to the recognition that ATTR-CA is commonly encountered in clinical practice. Additionally, the advent of effective disease-modifying therapies that reduce morbidity and mortality among affected patients has afforded hope to those newly diagnosed. Because these disease-modifying therapies are more effective when administered early in the course of the illness, before significant end-organ dysfunction has occurred, it is vital to facilitate early diagnosis. "

Global, regional, and national burden of thalassemia, 1990–2021: a systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2021

From the abstract: "The global burden of thalassemia, reflected in its prevalence, incidence, mortality, and DALYs, exhibits significant disparities. Geographic and demographic shifts in disease distribution have been observed from 1990 to 2021, with an overall decrease in burden, yet an increase in cases among the elderly population. Analysis of epidemiological trends over time highlights the influence of health policies and significant public health interventions on thalassemia outcomes. "

Advancing genomics to improve health equity

From the abstract: " Health equity is the state in which everyone has fair and just opportunities to attain their highest level of health. The field of human genomics has fallen short in increasing health equity, largely because the diversity of the human population has been inadequately reflected among participants of genomics research. This lack of diversity leads to disparities that can have scientific and clinical consequences. Achieving health equity related to genomics will require greater effort in addressing inequities within the field. "

Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Genomics and Precision Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.