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Last Posted: May 30, 2024
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Polygenic risk scores, radiation treatment exposures and subsequent cancer risk in childhood cancer survivors.
Todd M Gibson et al. Nat Med 2024 3

From the abstract: "Survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk for subsequent cancers attributable to the late effects of radiotherapy and other treatment exposures; thus, further understanding of the impact of genetic predisposition on risk is needed. Combining genotype data for 11,220 5-year survivors from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study and the St Jude Lifetime Cohort, we found that cancer-specific polygenic risk scores (PRSs) derived from general population, genome-wide association study, cancer loci identified survivors of European ancestry at increased risk of subsequent basal cell carcinoma (odds ratio per s.d. of the PRS: OR?=?1.37, 95% confidence interval (CI)?=?1.29–1.46), female breast cancer (OR?=?1.42, 95% CI?=?1.27–1.58), thyroid cancer (OR?=?1.48, 95% CI?=?1.31–1.67), squamous cell carcinoma (OR?=?1.20, 95% CI?=?1.00–1.44) and melanoma (OR?=?1.60, 95% CI?=?1.31–1.96) "

Prognostic Value of Preoperative Molecular Testing and Implications for Initial Surgical Management in Thyroid Nodules Harboring Suspected (Bethesda V) or Known (Bethesda VI) Papillary Thyroid Cancer.
Max A Schumm et al. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2023 6

Is preoperative comprehensive molecular profiling associated with improved prognostication of Bethesda V and VI thyroid nodules with differentiated thyroid cancer, and how does it inform initial surgical treatment? In this cohort study of 105 consecutive patients with papillary thyroid cancer, those with high-risk molecular profiles at diagnosis were more likely to experience cancer persistence or recurrence and distance metastases and had worse 36-month recurrence-free survival than those with intermediate- and low-risk molecular profiles.

Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Genomics and Precision Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.