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Last Posted: Jan 22, 2023
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Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies 93 risk loci and enables risk prediction equivalent to monogenic forms of venous thromboembolism.
Ghouse Jonas et al. Nature genetics 2023 1

We report a genome-wide association study of venous thromboembolism (VTE) incorporating 81,190?cases and 1,419,671?controls sampled from six cohorts. We identify 93?risk loci, of which 62 are previously unreported. Many of the identified risk loci are at genes encoding proteins with functions converging on the coagulation cascade or platelet function. A VTE polygenic risk score (PRS) enabled effective identification of both high- and low-risk individuals.

Association of Supernumerary Sex Chromosome Aneuploidies With Venous Thromboembolism.
Berry Alexander S F et al. JAMA 2023 1 (3) 235-243

In this retrospective multicohort study that included 642?544 adult participants, the incidence of a VTE diagnosis among those with an additional sex chromosome compared with those with 2 sex chromosomes was 1.3% per person-year compared with 0.25% per person-year, respectively, in one cohort, and 0.42% per person-year compared with 0.11% per person-year, respectively, in the other cohort. These differences were statistically significant.

Epidemiology and prevention of venous thromboembolism.
Lutsey Pamela L et al. Nature reviews. Cardiology 2022 10

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) surveillance systems are lacking, but VTE is estimated to affect one to two individuals per 1,000 person-years in Europe and the USA, with lower rates in other regions. Risk factors for VTE are varied, and include triggers (acute and subacute), basal risk factors (demographic, behavioural, anthropometric and genetic) and acquired clinical risk factors. Numerous complications can occur after a VTE event, and quality of life can decrease.

Clinical and Genetic Risk Factors for Acute Incident Venous Thromboembolism in Ambulatory Patients With COVID-19
J Xie et al, JAMA Internal Medicine, August 18, 2022

What is the 30-day acute risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) among ambulatory patients with COVID-19, and what are the clinical and genetic risk factors predisposing them to developing post–COVID-19 VTE? In this retrospective cohort study of 18?818 outpatients with COVID-19 and 93?179 propensity score–matched noninfected participants, a higher VTE incidence was observed in the former (hazard ratio, 21.42); however, this risk was considerably attenuated among the fully vaccinated, after breakthrough infection. Older age, male sex, obesity, no vaccination or partial vaccination, and inherited thrombophilia were independent risk factors for COVID-19–associated VTE.


Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Genomics and Precision Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.

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