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Last Posted: Apr 08, 2024
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Opportunities and limitations of genomics for diagnosing bedaquiline-resistant tuberculosis: a systematic review and individual isolate meta-analysis
C Nimmo et al, Lancet Microbe, January 9, 2024

From the abstract: "Clinical bedaquiline resistance predominantly involves mutations in mmpR5 (Rv0678). However, mmpR5 resistance-associated variants (RAVs) have a variable relationship with phenotypic Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistance. We did a systematic review to assess the maximal sensitivity of sequencing bedaquiline resistance-associated genes and evaluate the association between RAVs and phenotypic resistance, using traditional and machine-based learning techniques. "

An AI-Enhanced Electronic Health Record Could Boost Primary Care Productivity.
Jeffrey E Harris et al. JAMA 2023 8

More than a few commentators have seriously inquired whether artificial intelligence (AI) could ultimately replace many clinicians. The far likelier prospect, however, is that the newly emerging technology will enhance clinical productivity. To be sure, AI-based pattern recognition software can already scan retinal photos for complications of diabetes, detect tuberculosis on chest x-rays, and evaluate screening mammograms. And some AI applications have been found to be comparable if not superior to human clinical judgment.

Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Genomics and Precision Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.