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Last Posted: Aug 27, 2022
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Genetics of circadian rhythms and sleep in human health and disease.
Lane Jacqueline M et al. Nature reviews. Genetics 2022 8

Given the moderate heritability of circadian and sleep traits, genetics offers an opportunity that complements insights from model organism studies to advance our fundamental molecular understanding of human circadian and sleep physiology and linked chronic disease biology. Here, we review recent discoveries of the genetics of circadian and sleep physiology and disorders with a focus on those that reveal causal contributions to complex diseases.

Preventing Digital Overdiagnosis.
Capurro Daniel et al. JAMA 2022 1

The accelerated adoption of digital technologies in people’s lives is creating unique opportunities to leverage routinely collected digital data and machine learning models to diagnose diseases before they become symptomatic. Like traditional tests, digital screening will likely generate cases of overdiagnosis and thereby harm some patients. Digital screening tests (such as detecting mood or sleep disorders from smartphone use patterns) are being developed faster than the ability to assess their value. The additional risks and benefits of these digital tests are not only a function of their accuracy; and it is important that such approaches be validated prospectively.

Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Genomics and Precision Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.