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Last Posted: Jul 17, 2024
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Precision public health in the era of genomics and big data

From the abstract: "Precision public health (PPH) considers the interplay between genetics, lifestyle and the environment to improve disease prevention, diagnosis and treatment on a population level—thereby delivering the right interventions to the right populations at the right time. In this Review, we explore the concept of PPH as the next generation of public health. We discuss the historical context of using individual-level data in public health interventions and examine recent advancements in how data from human and pathogen genomics and social, behavioral and environmental research, as well as artificial intelligence, have transformed public health. "

Population Screening for Hereditary Hemochromatosis
Video Webinar, UNC Precision Public Health Network,

From the website: " Current data suggest that 1 in 300 non-Hispanic White individuals in the United States carry a genetic variation in the HFE gene (C282Y homozygosity) that accounts for most cases of hereditary hemochromatosis (HH). This variation can lead to iron overload and life-threatening complications, such as severe liver disease. However, complications are preventable with early diagnosis and periodic phlebotomies to remove excess iron from the body. In this CDC webinar, speakers discussed how knowledge about HH has evolved since the discovery of the HFE gene in 1997, current opportunities for clinical and public health action to prevent disease, and future research priorities to advance case detection and reduce clinical complications from HH. "

Training Institute for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Genomics and Precision Public Health (TIDR-GPPH)
UNC Precision Public Health Network, March 2024

From the website: "This facilitated course is intended to provide participants with a thorough grounding in conducting dissemination and implementation (D&I) research with a specific focus on genomics and precision public health.is. TIDIR-GPPH will be a hybrid course including training through open access Training Institute for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Cancer (TIDIRC) with assigned reading material and office hours and a 2-day in-person event. Faculty and guest lecturers consist of leading experts in D&I theories, models, and frameworks; intervention fidelity and adaptation; stakeholder engagement and partnership for D&I; research methods and study designs for D&I; and measures and outcomes for D&I. "

Next Generation Public Health Genomics: A Call to Assess the Equitable Implementation, Population Health Impact, and Sustainability of Precision Public Health Applications
MC Roberts et al, Public Health Genomics, December 22, 2023

From the article: "The field of Public Health Genomics recently celebrated its twenty-fifth anniversary. Defined by the CDC as responsible and effective translation of genome-based knowledge and technologies for the benefit of population health, public health genomics applications have expanded beyond newborn screening to other applications poised to improve public health. Yet despite the promise and potential for public health genomics, the population health impact and sustainability of public health genomics applications has yet to be fully measured and achieved. Further access to public health genomics applications has been lower among underrepresented racial and ethnic communities, rural communities, and groups with lower education and income, deepening concerns that the field could exacerbate rather than redress health inequities. "


Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Genomics and Precision Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.

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