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Last Posted: May 17, 2023
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NIH launches largest precision nutrition research effort of its kind
NIH ALL of Us, May 2023 Brand

The National Institutes of Health is now enrolling participants in a landmark initiative to advance nutrition research. Nutrition for Precision Health, powered by the All of Us Research Program (NPH), is working with 14 sites across the United States to engage 10,000 participants from diverse backgrounds and learn more about how our bodies respond differently to food. NPH will use artificial intelligence (AI)-based approaches to analyze information provided by participants in order to develop algorithms that predict responses to dietary patterns. The study’s findings may one day allow healthcare providers to offer more customized nutritional guidance to improve overall health.

Realizing the Potential of Genomics across the Continuum of Precision Health Care: Proceedings of a Workshop (2023)
NASEM, March 30, 2023

The National Academies Roundtable on Genomics and Precision Health hosted a public workshop that examined how genomic data are used in health care, outside of the traditional settings for clinical genetics. The workshop identified opportunities for advancement of precision health care delivery. The event also explored how patients, clinicians, and payers assess and act upon the risks and benefits of genomic screening and diagnostic testing. Discussions focused on strategies to ensure that genomic applications are responsibly and equitably adopted to benefit populations as well as individuals over time.

American Life in Realtime: a benchmark registry of health data for equitable precision health.
Ritika R Chaturvedi et al. Nature medicine 2023 2

Emerging precision health methods use large-scale person-generated health data from smartphones and wearables to better characterize and, ultimately, improve health and well-being through strategies customized to individual context and need3,4. Applying artificial intelligence and machine learning to person-generated health data allows unprecedented assessment of recursive, networked and latent associations between everyday life and health, including social, structural and environmental exposures, behaviors, biometrics, and health outcomes.

Passive monitoring by smart toilets for precision health.
T Jessie Ge et al. Science translational medicine 2023 2 (681) eabk3489

Precision health is an approach to prevent, diagnose, and monitor disease using information gleaned from an individual’s biological information. Passive monitoring in a smart home setting, where appliances and devices are connected and controlled automatically, may provide such biological information. Whereas wearable health sensors must be actively applied and require a certain amount of human intervention, a sensor that performs passively and noninvasively can collect valuable health data in the background of everyday life. Of the possible locations in a smart home, the bathroom, and more specifically the toilet, is particularly well suited for such passive sensors.

Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Genomics and Precision Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.