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Last Posted: Apr 16, 2024
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Distilling causality between physical activity traits and obesity via Mendelian randomization.
Zhe Wang et al. Commun Med (Lond) 2023 11 (1) 173

From the abstract: "Whether obesity is a cause or consequence of low physical activity levels and more sedentary time has not yet been fully elucidated. Better instrumental variables and a more thorough consideration of potential confounding variables that may influence the causal inference between physical activity and obesity are needed. This MR study highlights the beneficial effect of education on improved health and suggest that a more physically active lifestyle leads to lower BMI, while sedentary behavior is a consequence of higher BMI."

Association Between a First-Degree Family History and Self-Reported Personal History of Obesity, Diabetes, and Heart and Blood Conditions: Results From the All of Us Research Program.
Danielle Rasooly et al. J Am Heart Assoc 2023 11 e030779

From the abstract: "We assessed the association between a self-reported family history of ODHBs and their risk in the adult population (age =20 years) of the AoU (All of Us) Research Program, a longitudinal cohort study of diverse participants across the United States. We conducted a family history-wide association study to systematically assess the association of a first-degree family history of 15 ODHBs in AoU. We use the FamWAS method to estimate 225 familial associations among 15 ODHBs. The results include overlapping associations between family history of different types of cardiometabolic conditions (such as type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease), and their risk factors (obesity, hypertension), where adults with a family history of 1 ODHB exhibited 1.1 to 5.6 times (1.5, on average) the odds of having a different ODHB. "

Expanding the genetic landscape of obesity.
Jian Yang et al. Cell Genom 2023 9 (9) 100400

From the paper: "A recent study epresents a significant advance in our understanding of the genetic architecture of obesity. The identification of sex- and age-specific genetic effects on obesity highlights the importance of considering these factors in future genetic studies, which can help uncover additional genetic factors contributing to disease susceptibility and improve our understanding of the interplay between genetic and environmental factors in disease development. "

Rare Variants of Obesity-Associated Genes in Young Adults with Abdominal Obesity
A Bairkdar et al, JPM, October 16, 2023

From the abstract: " In our study, all of the 203 young adults with abdominal obesity had some rare variant in the genes associated with obesity. The widest range of rare and common variants was presented in ADIPOQ, FTO, GLP1R, GHRL, and INS genes. The use of targeted sequencing and clinical criteria makes it possible to identify carriers of rare clinically significant variants in a wide range of obesity-associated genes and to investigate their influence on phenotypic manifestations of abdominal obesity."

Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Genomics and Precision Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.