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Last Posted: May 21, 2024
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Assessing the Benefits and Harms Associated with Early Diagnosis from the Perspective of Parents with Multiple Children Diagnosed with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
O Battacharria et al, IJNS, April 15, 2024

From the abstract: " Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a rare neuromuscular disorder diagnosed in childhood. Limited newborn screening in the US often delays diagnosis. With multiple FDA-approved therapies, early diagnosis is crucial for timely treatment but may entail other benefits and harms. Using a community-based survey, we explored how parents of siblings with DMD perceived early diagnosis of one child due to a prior child’s diagnosis. We assessed parents’ viewpoints across domains including diagnostic journey, treatment initiatives, service access, preparedness, parenting, emotional impact, and caregiving experience."

Clinical Effectiveness of Newborn Screening for Spinal Muscular Atrophy: A Nonrandomized Controlled Trial.
Oliver Schwartz et al. JAMA Pediatr 2024 4

From the abstract: " Is early diagnosis through newborn screening associated with improved outcomes in infants with spinal muscular atrophy compared to those diagnosed after onset of symptoms? In this nonrandomized controlled trial within the SMARTCARE registry, patients identified by newborn screening showed better motor development with disease-modifying treatments than those who were diagnosed after onset of symptoms. These results offer supporting evidence for the benefit of newborn screening for spinal muscular atrophy. "

Newborn screening for Duchenne muscular dystrophy: the perspectives of stakeholders.
Charli Ji et al. Lancet Reg Health West Pac 2024 3 101049

From the abstract: "Participants included 50 caregivers and 26 HCPs (68.5% and 53.1% response rate respectively). Most caregivers (40/50, 80%) perceived net benefits of DMD NBS and highlighted an early diagnosis as actionable knowledge, even with the current paucity of disease modifying therapies. This knowledge was valued to enable access to multidisciplinary supportive care (29/50, 58%), clinical trials (27/50, 54%), psychological support (28/50, 56%), inform reproductive planning (27/50, 54%), and facilitate financial planning based on the future needs of their child (27/50, 54%). "

Birth Prevalence of Sickle Cell Disease and County-Level Social Vulnerability - Sickle Cell Data Collection Program, 11 States, 2016-2020.
Mariam Kayle et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2024 3 (12) 248-254

From the abstract: " Sickle cell disease (SCD) remains a public health priority in the United States because of its association with complex health needs, reduced life expectancy, lifelong disabilities, and high cost of care. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted to calculate the crude and race-specific birth prevalence for SCD using state newborn screening program records during 2016-2020 from 11 Sickle Cell Data Collection program states. The percentage distribution of birth mother residence within Social Vulnerability Index quartiles was derived. Among 3,305 newborns with confirmed SCD (including 57% with homozygous hemoglobin S or sickle ß-null thalassemia across 11 states, 90% of whom were Black or African American [Black], and 4% of whom were Hispanic or Latino), the crude SCD birth prevalence was 4.83 per 10,000 (one in every 2,070) live births and 28.54 per 10,000 (one in every 350) non-Hispanic Black newborns. "

Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Genomics and Precision Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.