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Last Posted: Nov 30, 2023
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Primary Care Provider Receptivity to Multi-Cancer Early Detection Test Use in Cancer Screening
CV Chambers et al, JPM, November 2023

From the abstract: "Multi-cancer early detection tests (MCEDs) are blood-based tests that detect biomarkers released or induced by cancer cells. If MCED tests are shown to be safe and effective in cancer screening, they are likely to be ordered and managed in primary care. To understand primary care providers’ support for and concerns about the implementation and management of MCED testing, the research team developed a cross-sectional survey that was sent to 939 primary care providers (physicians, residents/fellows, and advanced practice providers) in a large academic health system. "

Applications of Liquid Biopsy for Surgical Patients With Cancer: A Review.
Kelly M Mahuron et al. JAMA Surg 2023 11

From the abstract: "Liquid biopsy analytes such as circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) have been the most clinically studied assays and were initially limited to advanced-stage disease. In the metastatic setting, CTCs and ctDNA levels are prognostic. Although their levels correlate with treatment response, CTC-guided systemic regimen switches for nonresponders have not been shown to improve clinical outcomes. ctDNA genomic profiling has succeeded, and there are now multiple plasma-based assays approved by the US Food and Drug Administration that can detect actionable mutations to guide systemic therapy. "

Liquid biopsy epigenomic profiling for cancer subtyping.
Sylvan C Baca et al. Nat Med 2023 10

From the abstract: " Although circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) assays are increasingly used to inform clinical decisions in cancer care, they have limited ability to identify the transcriptional programs that govern cancer phenotypes and their dynamic changes during the course of disease. To address these limitations, we developed a method for comprehensive epigenomic profiling of cancer from 1?ml of patient plasma. Using an immunoprecipitation-based approach targeting histone modifications and DNA methylation, we measured 1,268 epigenomic profiles in plasma from 433 individuals with one of 15 cancers. "

Circulating Tumor HPV DNA for Surveillance of HPV-Positive Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Narrative Review.
Krystle A Lang Kuhs et al. JAMA Oncol 2023 10

From the abstract: "This article reviews the current state of knowledge, highlights existing knowledge gaps, and suggests research that should be prioritized to understand the association between biomarker-based surveillance and patient outcomes. Specific attention is paid to the commercially available tumor tissue–modified viral HPV DNA assay, given its increasing clinical use. This review may serve as a road map for future research and a guide for clinicians considering its adoption in practice. Enrollment of patients into clinical trials incorporating biomarker-based surveillance should be prioritized. "

Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Genomics and Precision Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.