Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Search PHGKB:

Last Posted: May 31, 2023
spot light Highlights

The role of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 in cardiovascular disease.
Jian Zhang et al. Nature reviews. Cardiology 2023 2

Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is a mitochondrial enzyme involved in the detoxification of alcohol-derived acetaldehyde and endogenous aldehydes. The inactivating ALDH2 rs671 polymorphism, present in up to 8% of the global population and in up to 50% of the East Asian population, is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular conditions such as coronary artery disease, alcohol-induced cardiac dysfunction, pulmonary arterial hypertension, heart failure and drug-induced cardiotoxicity.

Implementing Cardiogenomics in Clinical Practice
Northwestern University and the Jackson Labs, 2023

15 to 30-minute modules that let you practice assessing patients’ risk for a genetic cardiac condition. Upcoming modules will address genetic test results interpretation and management of patients with hereditary cardiovascular disease.

Finding causal genes underlying risk for coronary artery disease
PL Auer, Nature Genetics, December 6, 2022

Previous genome-wide association studies of coronary artery disease (CAD) have discovered multiple susceptibility loci but have largely failed to uncover causal genes. A new study identifies hundreds of likely causal genes underlying the genetic risk for CAD.

Discovery and systematic characterization of risk variants and genes for coronary artery disease in over a million participants
KG Aragam et al, Nature Genetics, December 6, 2022

The discovery of genetic loci associated with complex diseases has outpaced the elucidation of mechanisms of disease pathogenesis. Here we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for coronary artery disease (CAD) comprising 181,522 cases among 1,165,690 participants of predominantly European ancestry. We detected 241 associations, including 30 new loci. Cross-ancestry meta-analysis with a Japanese GWAS yielded 38 additional new loci.

Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Genomics and Precision Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.