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Last Posted: Nov 30, 2023
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Envisioning a new era: Complete genetic information from routine, telomere-to-telomere genomes
KH Miga et al, AJHG, November 2023

From the abstract: "With declining costs and increasing democratization of technology, we suggest that complete genome assemblies, where both parental haplotypes are phased telomere to telomere, will become standard in human genetics. Soon, even in clinical settings where rigorous sample-handling standards must be met, affected individuals could have reference-grade genomes fully sequenced and assembled in just a few hours given advances in technology, computational processing, and annotation. "

Population-based prevalence and mutational landscape of von Willebrand disease using large-scale genetic databases
O Seidizadeh et al, NPJ Genomic Medicine, October 16, 2023

From the abstract: "The global prevalence of dominant VWD in 1000 individuals was established to be 74 for type 1, 3 for 2A, 3 for 2B and 6 for 2M. The global prevalences for recessive VWD forms (type 2N and type 3) were 0.31 and 0.7 in 1000 individuals, respectively. This comprehensive analysis provided a global mutational landscape of VWF by means of 927 already reported variants in the HGMD and LOVD datasets and 287 novel pathogenic variants identified in the gnomAD. Our results reveal that there is a considerably higher than expected prevalence of putative disease alleles and variants associated with VWD and suggest that a large number of VWD patients are undiagnosed. "

The burden of splice-disrupting variants in inherited heart disease and unexplained sudden cardiac death
ES Singer et al, NPJ Genomic Medicine, October 11, 2023

From the abstract: "We performed burden testing of rare splice-disrupting variants in people with inherited heart disease and sudden unexplained death compared to 125,748 population controls. ClinGen definitively disease-associated inherited heart disease genes were amplified using RNA extracted from fresh blood, derived cardiomyocytes, and myectomy tissue. Variants were functionally assessed and classified for pathogenicity. We found 88 in silico-predicted splice-disrupting variants in 128 out of 1242 (10.3%) unrelated participants. "

Ethics of artificial intelligence in prenatal and pediatric genomic medicine.
Simon Coghlan et al. J Community Genet 2023 10

From the abstract: " This paper examines the ethics of introducing emerging forms of artificial intelligence (AI) into prenatal and pediatric genomic medicine. Application of genomic AI to these early life settings has not received much attention in the ethics literature. We focus on three contexts: (1) prenatal genomic sequencing for possible fetal abnormalities, (2) rapid genomic sequencing for critically ill children, and (3) reanalysis of genomic data obtained from children for diagnostic purposes."

Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Genomics and Precision Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.