Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Search PHGKB:

Last Posted: Jun 06, 2024
spot light Highlights

Written communication of whole genome sequencing results in the NHS Genomic Medicine Service: a multi-centre service evaluation

From the abstract: " Whole genome sequencing (WGS) is being used in diagnostic testing for certain clinical indications within the NHS Genomic Medicine Service (GMS) in England. Letter writing is an integral part of delivering results. However, no national guidelines for writing results from WGS exist. This multi-centre service evaluation used mixed methods to understand the content and readability of letters returning diagnostic, variant of uncertain significance (VUS), and no-finding results to paediatric rare disease patients. "

The acceptability and clinical impact of using polygenic scores for risk-estimation of common cancers in primary care: a systematic review

From the abstract: "A total of 190 papers were identified, 18 of which were eligible for inclusion. A cancer risk-assessment tool incorporating PGS was acceptable to the general practice population and their healthcare providers but major challenges to implementation were identified, including lack of evidence for PGS in non-European ancestry and a need for healthcare provider education in genomic medicine. A PGS cancer risk-assessment had relatively limited impact on psychosocial outcomes and health behaviours. However, for prostate cancer, potential applications for its use in primary care were shown. "

Liminality between direct and family-mediated contact in the communication of genetic information to at-risk relatives.

From the article: "Ever since genetic test results have been able to be reported, questions have arisen regarding their implications for genetic relatives. Alongside the proband in whom the initial diagnosis is made, family members often also have an interest in the information. Being informed allows an at-risk relative to consider genetic counseling and testing, and to act in advance to prevent or mitigate future morbidity. Indeed, supporting patients to communicate risk information to their relatives is now considered as a key aspect for maximizing the benefits of genomic medicine. "

Strategies to improve implementation of cascade testing in hereditary cancer syndromes: a systematic review
J Chiang et al, NPJ Genomic Medicine, April 5, 2024

From the abstract: " Despite growing efforts targeted at improving cascade testing uptake, current literature continues to reflect poor rates of uptake, typically below 30%. This study aims to systematically review current literature on intervention strategies to improve cascade testing, assess the quality of intervention descriptions and evaluate the implementation outcomes of listed interventions. This systematic review shows that most interventions have demonstrated success in improving cascade testing uptake. Uptake of cascade testing was highest with delivery arrangement (68%). However, the quality of description of interventions and assessment of implementation outcomes are often suboptimal, hindering their replication and implementation downstream."

Disclaimer: Articles listed in the Public Health Genomics and Precision Health Knowledge Base are selected by the CDC Office of Public Health Genomics to provide current awareness of the literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the update, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.