Hot Topics of the Day|PHGKB
Oct 02, 2023
Last Posted: Oct-02-2023 11:51:09
Cascade testing for hereditary cancer: comprehensive multigene panels identify unexpected actionable findings in relatives.
Brandie Heald et al. J Natl Cancer Inst 2023 9
From the abstract: "Cascade testing using multigene panels was performed in 3,696 relatives of 7,433 probands. Unexpected PGVs were identified in 230 (6.2%) relatives, including 144 who were negative for the familial PGV but positive for a PGV in a different gene than the proband and 74 who tested positive for the familial PGV and had an additional PGV in a different gene than the proband. Of the relatives with unexpected PGVs, 36.3% would have qualified for different or additional cancer screening recommendations. Limiting cascade testing to only the familial PGV would have resulted in missed, actionable findings for a subset of relatives."
A gene-by-sex interaction contributes to liver disease susceptibility in women
Nature Medicine, October 2, 2023
From the abstract: "Clinical and population-based cohorts revealed an interaction between the inherited PNPLA3 p.I148M variant and female sex in determining liver disease. Transcriptomic and functional studies showed that the mechanism encompasses ERa-dependent upregulation of PNPLA3 in hepatocytes, highlighting a target for precision medicine therapeutics in cisgender women. "
Early detection of autism using digital behavioral phenotyping
S Perochon et al, Nature Medicine, October 2, 2023
From the abstract: "Early detection of autism, a neurodevelopmental condition associated with challenges in social communication, ensures timely access to intervention. Autism screening questionnaires have been shown to have lower accuracy when used in real-world settings, such as primary care, as compared to research studies, particularly for children of color and girls. Here we report findings from a multiclinic, prospective study assessing the accuracy of an autism screening digital application (app) administered during a pediatric well-child visit to 475 (17–36 months old) children (269 boys and 206 girls). "
Disclaimer: Articles listed in Hot Topics of the Day are selected by the CDC Office of Genomics and Precision Public Health to provide current awareness of the scientific literature and news. Inclusion in the update does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the Clips, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.
Hot Topics of the Day are picked by experts to capture the latest information and publications on public health genomics and precision health for various diseases and health topics. Sources include published scientific literature, reviews, blogs and popular press articles.
Sign up to receive the daily hot topic email alert.
Archived Hot Topics of the Day By Date